Using git commit -a with vim
I’m new with git, so I decided to learn git using the tutorials of github. The third chapter said:
“For this first example we’ll modify the README file to add ourselves as an author on the project. So we simply edit the file. Now we want to commit that change, so we run the
git commit -acommand.”
Bad git config file .git/config git post-receive hook in php how to deal with local/dev only code using git Use three way diff for diff git fetch fails due to pack-object failure Build into gh-pages branch from master branch
When I use the
git commit -a command, the console opens a vim and I wrote my message, but I don’t know how to close this vim editor from the console. How do I save the message and close vim?
6 Solutions collect form web for “Using git commit -a with vim”
- In vim, you save a file with :wEnter while in the normal mode (you get to the normal mode by pressing Esc).
- You close your file with :q while in the normal mode.
You can combine both these actions and do Esc:wqEnter to save the commit and quit vim.
As an alternate to the above, you can also press ZZ while in the normal mode, which will save the file and exit vim. This is also easier for some people as it’s the same key pressed twice.
Instead of trying to learn vim, use a different easier editor (like nano, for example).
As much as I like vim, I do not think using it in this case is the solution. It takes dedication and time to master it.
git config core.editor "nano"
See this thread for an explanation: VIM for Windows – What do I type to save and exit from a file?
As I wrote there: to learn Vimming, you could use one of the quick reference cards:
Also note How can I set up an editor to work with Git on Windows? if you’re not comfortable in using Vim but want to use another editor for your commit messages.
If your commit message is not too long, you could also type
git commit -a -m "your message here"
ZZ to save and close.
Here is a bit more info on using vim with Git
The better question is: How do I interrupt the commit when I quit vim?
There are 2 ways:
- Delete all lines of the commit message, including comments, and then
Either way will give git an error code, so it will not proceed with the commit. This is particularly useful with
git commit --amend.
To exit hitting :q will let you quit.
If you want to quit without saving you can hit :q!
A google search on “vim cheatsheet” can provide you with a reference you should print out with a collection of quick shortcuts.