Tell git never to update a file
I have a few files in git (namely configure files), that I need to be in the git repo, but I don’t want them to ever update (for some reason, running them, and make, changes the configure file).
So is there any way I can tell git to ignore any CHANGES to the file, but to keep the original file still in the repo? Currently the only way I’ve found out to do something like this is to add the file to the .gitignore file, and the git add the file to the project directly (using -f to override). Is there any better way?
2 Solutions collect form web for “Tell git never to update a file”
I wouldn’t manage those files with git at all. I’d put them in your
.gitignore so git would ignore them, and put template files (such as
foo.template for a file named
foo, or maybe
template/foo) into git. Then when you clone the repo, you can copy them out, and modify them, and git won’t do anything with the copies, while still managing the templates. If you have several such files, you can supply a script or make rule or something of the sort to populate all of your config files from their templates, to make it easier to get set up.
A better design would be to separate project config from local config, or have project level defaults that can be overridden in a separate local file. The project level files get committed, the local files get ignored, and they are both used. Perhaps some config settings only make sense for the project and some only make sense locally, in which case you just pull the appropriate setting from the appropriate file; or you could use the project setting as defaults, and let the local config override the defaults. This way, you can update the project settings, which are shared, for everyone at once, while not interfering with people’s local settings. Of course, this depends on having control of the settings format; if you’re using a third-party tool that takes its settings in a particular format, all mixed into one file, you’ll probably have to use the template approach.
You could use
git update-index --assume-unchanged on the file.
--assume-unchangedoption can be used as a
coarse file-level mechanism to ignore
uncommitted changes in tracked files
(akin to what .gitignore does for
untracked files). You should remember
that an explicit git add operation
will still cause the file to be
refreshed from the working tree. Git
will fail (gracefully) in case it
needs to modify this file in the index
e.g. when merging in a commit; thus,
in case the assumed-untracked file is
changed upstream, you will need to
handle the situation manually.