Is there a synopsis about how to do certain things with different scm tools?
I’m quite familiar with Subversion, and I use Mercurial and Git as well.
Mercurial looks like a friendly tool to me, as it’s commandline interface is easy to use for Subversion users; but Git doesn’t.
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See the table under this wikipedia page on the subject.
It lists svn. mercurial, git and many more. More specific information about commands can of course be found in the docs on their websites, but at least this shows what similar commands look like in different SCMs.
I know of this page, which gives a translation between hg and git: