how to `git ls-files` for just one directory level.
I’m using msysgit (1.7.9), and I’m looking for the right invocation of the
git ls-files command to show just the (tracked) files and directories at the current level, either from the index, or the current working directory if that’s easier.
Essentially it would give a directory listing similar that that you would see on Github. Coming from Windows, I’m not too familiar with the right way of doing the globbing(?).
4 Solutions collect form web for “how to `git ls-files` for just one directory level.”
I think you want
git ls-tree HEAD sed’d to taste. The second word of ls-tree’s output will be
tree for directories,
blob for files,
commit for submodulesm, the filename is everything after the ascii tab
git ls-tree --name-only [branch] will do what you’re looking for.
To just list the files in the current working directory that are tracked by git, I found that the following is several times faster than using
ls | grep -f <(git ls-files)
It would take a little messing around with sed if you also wanted to include directories, something along the lines of:
ls | grep -f <(git ls-files | sed 's/\/.*//g' | sort | uniq)
assuming you don’t have any ‘/’ characters in the names of your files. As well as…
ls -a | grep -f <(git ls-files | sed 's/\/.*//g' | sort | uniq)
in order to also list “invisible” (yet-tracked) files.
git ls-tree <tree-ish> is good and all, but I can’t figure out how to specify the index as the
<tree-ish>. (Although I’m sure there’s bound to be some all-caps reference to do just that.)
ls-files implicitly works on the index so I might as well use that:
$ git ls-files | cut -d/ -f1 | uniq
This shows files and directories only in the current directory.
-f argument to control depth. For instance,
-f-2 (that’s dash two) shows files and directories up to two levels deep:
$ git ls-files | cut -d/ -f-2 | uniq
IF you specify the
<path> argument to
ls-files, make sure to increase
-f to accommodate the leading directories:
$ git ls-files foo/bar | cut -d/ -f-3 | uniq