How to efficiently rebase and push a local git branch?
We’re using a central git repository which I’ve cloned and I’m working on a local branch.
When I want to make my changes available in the central repository, I have to issue the following commands (starting on
#Stash local changes not yet ready for checkin git stash #Make sure we have all changes from the central repository git checkout master git pull #Rebase local changes git checkout mybranch git rebase #Push changes git checkout master git merge mybranch git push #Back to my branch and continue work git checkout mybranch git stash apply
I’d like to know if it is possible to use fewer git commands to accomplish the same goal. The several switches between
mybranch are especially annoying, as our repository is rather huge so they take some time.
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There is no need to touch your local master branch if you don’t need to update it and this seems to be causing a lot of your unnecessary branch switching.
This is a more minimal workflow.
git fetch # ensure that everything is committed # perhaps git commit -a is required... git rebase origin/master # If you don't want to push the very latest commits you might # want to checkout a parent or ancestor of the current commit # to test that the proposed commit passes tests, etc. # e.g. git checkout HEAD~n # push to the remote master git push origin HEAD:master # if you checked out a parent, go back to the original branch git checkout mybranch
If you’re super confident about a parent commit, you can skip the checkout steps and just do the following, but I’d strongly recommend against it. Publishing untested commits is not a ‘best practice’.
git push origin HEAD^:master
It’s not necessary to do the pull on both the master and mybranch branches. Since you’re being such a nice citizen and doing fast-forward updates it’s pretty straight forward:
# Save local mods not ready for commit git stash # Do the pull & rebase local work assuming this is a remote tracking branch git pull --rebase git checkout master git merge mybranch git push
Of course, you can also push from your mybranch branch
# Save local mods not ready for commit git stash # Do the pull & rebase local work assuming this is a remote tracking branch git pull --rebase git push origin mybranch:master
You could combine the pull and rebase into one:
git pull –rebase master
But overall, yes, from my experience it involves all these commands.
To keep your repository clean, its helpful to often run “git gc” which will remove unused objects. This should cut down on branch switching time.
I usualy do.
git co master git pull git rebase master mywrk # fix conflicts if any git rebase mywrk master git push
You can define aliases to save typing, if you like that way.