How to clone a single branch in git?
casey@agave [~/Projects/skeleton] git branch * master rails c c++
If I want to check out the master branch for a new project, I can do
casey@agave [~/Projects] git clone skeleton new Initialized empty Git repository in /Users/casey/Projects/new/.git/
and everything is how I want it. Specifically, the new master branch points to skeleton master branch, and I can push and pull to move around changes to the basic project setup.
What doesn’t work, however, is if I want to clone another branch. I can’t get it so that I only pull the branch I want, for instance the rails branch, and then the new repo has a ‘master’ branch that pushes to and pulls from the skeleton repo’s ‘rails’ branch, by default.
Is there a good way to go about doing this? Or, maybe this isn’t the way that git wants me to structure things, and I’m certainly open to that. Perhaps I should have multiple repos, with the rails skeleton repo tracking the master skeleton repo? And any individual project cloning the rails skeleton repo.
Any thoughts and suggestions are appreciated!
12 Solutions collect form web for “How to clone a single branch in git?”
Note: the git1.7.10 (April 2012) actually allows you to clone only one branch:
# clone only the remote primary HEAD (default: origin/master) git clone --single-branch as in: git clone <url> --branch <branch> --single-branch [<folder>]
You can see it in
test_expect_success 'single branch clone' ' git clone --single-branch "file://$(pwd)/." singlebranch '
Tobu comments that:
This is implicit when doing a shallow clone.
git clone --depth 1the easiest way to save bandwidth.
And since Git 1.9.0 (February 2014), shallow clones support data transfer (push/pull), so that option is even more useful now.
See more at “Is
git clone --depth 1 (shallow clone) more useful than it makes out?”.
“Undoing” a shallow clone is detailed at “Convert shallow clone to full clone” (git 1.8.3+)
# unshallow the current branch git fetch --unshallow # for getting back all the branches (see Peter Cordes' comment) git config remote.origin.fetch refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/* git fetch --unshallow
As Chris comments:
the magic line for getting missing branches to reverse
--single-branchis (git v2.1.4):
git config remote.origin.fetch +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/* git fetch --unshallow
One way is to execute the following
git clone user@git-server:project_name.git -b branch_name /your/folder
Where branch_name is the branch of your choice and “/your/folder” is the destination folder for that branch. It’s true that this will bring other branches giving you the opportunity to merge back and forth. Now, starting with GIT 1.7.10, you can now do this
git clone user@git-server:project_name.git -b branch_name --single-branch /your/folder
Using git version 18.104.22.168 (on Windows), here’s what I do (
$BRANCH is the name of the branch I want to checkout and
$REMOTE_REPO is the URL of the remote repository I want to clone from):
mkdir $BRANCH cd $BRANCH git init git remote add -t $BRANCH -f origin $REMOTE_REPO git checkout $BRANCH
The advantage of this approach is that subsequent
git pull (or
git fetch) calls will also just download the requested branch.
You can try the long winded way:
mkdir newrepo.git cd newrepo.git git init git remote add origin file:///path/to/original git fetch origin branchiwant:refs/remotes/origin/branchiwant git checkout -b branchiwant --track origin/branchiwant
What this does is:
- Create and init empty git repository.
- Adds the original repository as a remote called origin.
- Fetches only the branch you require from the remote called origin.
- Creates and checks out a new brach that is setup to track the source branch you just cloned.
Hopefully that will be something like what you are after.
from git-clone man page
--single-branch is your friend during clone
remember to use with
--branch <branch name> or only remote primary HEAD will be cloned (master by default)
always remember to do CTRL+F5 to read fresh source, not the one from cache 🙂
(I didn’t so didn’t know about this option for long time)
You can do it by using the below command:
git clone -b branch_name --single-branch project_url local_folder_to_clone_in
git clone <url> --branch <branch> --single-branch
Just put url and branch name
Can be done in 2 steps
Clone the repository
git clone <http url>
Checkout the branch you want
git checkout $BranchName
After cloning was complete, I had to enter
git submodule update --init --recursive to download all submodules
open the cmd
cd folder_name (Enter the path where to clone the branch)
Just a command
git clone url_of_projecturltoclone -b branch_name
- Open Git bash shell.
- Create an directory in your file system where you want to checkout.
- $ mkdir Feature_develop_branch
- change directory to Feature_develop_branch folder.
- $ cd Feature_develop_branch
- clone the repository using external clone url.
- $ git clone https://someurl.repositoryName.git
- After cloning, change the directory to created repositoryName.
- $ cd /repositoryName
- Check out the branch.
- $ git checkout
for cloning branch of git you don’t have public key the use this
git clone -b <branch> <git repo url or clone url you get from git repo>