How do I “reopen” a git commit?
In mercurial, I can “reopen” a commit by importing it into my patch queue:
hg qimport tip
The commit is “open” in the sense that it’s just like before I had committed it, I can revert, do
hg status, etc. How do I do this in git?
(Everything I’ve found on the web suggests
git rebase -i and then choose edit, but that’s different, because the commit is not “open” in the same way.)
4 Solutions collect form web for “How do I “reopen” a git commit?”
You just need to move your HEAD pointer up without making any changes to your working copy:
git reset --soft HEAD^
Reset moves the pointer, and the soft option specifies that it shouldn’t change any of your files. The default is mixed, which will reset your index, and the hard option will actually remove the changes since that commit in your working copy.
HEAD is a “magic” git pointer that is always pointing to the current ref (i.e. the parent of your working copy). The caret (^) indicates the parent. You can use this repeatedly, e.g. HEAD^^ refers to the parent of the last commit.
Assuming you haven’t yet pushed to your remote repository,
git reset --soft HEAD^ will “reopen” your last commit at the expense of losing your commit message.
You can achieve the same result using
git commit --amend.
See comparison chart between Hg & Git.
Scott Chacon has (wonderfully) elaborated about the ‘git reset’ command: http://progit.org/2011/07/11/reset.html
Do not hesitate to have a look at it.