git rm – fatal: pathspec did not match any files
I added over 9000 photos by accident to my project folder. And committed them. Then deleted them from disk. Committed.
Now I try to push changes to git server. But it takes to long and tries to send 12 Gb of data.
- Split git repository while preserving and scoping-down branches
- Importing a Subversion repository with a non-standard layout into Git
- Cleaning out unused blobs using git merge --squash followed by git gc?
- git filter-branch duplicated commits
- git surgery - splitting out a single repository into many repositories
- git surgery - splitting a repository and modifying the directory structure
I checked files size on disk and see that really
.git folder takes 12 Gb.
How to delete photos from there? I tried
git rm, but fails:
❯ git rm public/photos fatal: pathspec 'public/photos' did not match any files
Because I allready deleted them from disk, but they are still in
I tried to add
But no result.
Of course I could
hard reset head to moment when I did not have so many junk photos in my project. But since that time i committed many times and made a lot changes in code.
3 Solutions collect form web for “git rm – fatal: pathspec did not match any files”
In your case, use
git filter-branch instead of
git rm will delete the files in the sense that they will not be tracked by git anymore, but that does not remove the old commit objects corresponding to those images, and so you will still be stuck with pushing the earlier commits which correspond to 12GB of images.
git filter-branch, on the other hand, can remove those files from all the previous commits as well, thus doing away with the need to push any of them.
Use the command
git filter-branch --force --index-filter \ 'git rm -r --cached --ignore-unmatch public/photos' \ --prune-empty --tag-name-filter cat -- --all
After the filter branch is complete, verify that no unintended file was lost.
Now add a .gitignore rule
echo public/photos >> .gitignore git add .gitignore && git commit -m "ignore rule for photos"
Now do a push
git push -f origin branch
Check this, this and this for further help. Just to be on the safer side, I would suggest you create a backup copy of the repo on your system before going ahead with these instructions.
As for your orignial error message, it is happening because you already untracked them using
git rm, and hence git is complaining because it can’t remove a file it isn’t tracking. Read more about this here.
A very simple answer is.
Firstly add your untracked files to which you want to delete using
git add . or
git add <filename>.
Then delete them easily using command
git rm -f <filename> here rm=remove and -f=forcely.
Add the file name(s) to your
git filter-branch --force --index-filter \ 'git rm -r --cached --ignore-unmatch YOURFILE' \ --prune-empty --tag-name-filter cat -- --all
git push -f origin branch
A big thank you to @mu.