git ignore exception not working as desired

WinXP + mysisGit1.7

In my .gitignore file, but still can’t see Demos/path/to/file/file.cpp being tracked by git.

I have below entries:

Demos/
!Demos/path/to/file/file.cpp

The absolute path is: c:\Project\Demos\path\to\file\file.cpp

What could be wrong? Please help, thanks.

EDIT:

I found the way how mysisGit .gitignore work on WindowsXP can only ignore certain type of file, then exclude some files with same type. For example:

*.bak
!tracking.bak
!/path/to/file/tracking2.bak

It doesn’t work ignore folder and exclude some files under that folder. Below won’t work:

/folderUnderRepoRoot/
!/folderUnderRepoRoot/tracking.cpp

Nor

anyFolderNamedLikeThis/
!anyFolderNamedLikeThis/tracking.cpp
!/anyFolderNamedLikeThis/tracking.cpp

However, I do find that there’s an exception. There’s a work-around way to exclude files just right under the ignored folder (not to its subfolder). This works.

/folderUnderRepoRoot/*
/folderUnderRepoRoot/tracking.cpp

But this way is only limited when the file is not in any subfolder, so it’s not so useful.

So I end up still commit most of source files, even I was only interested in a few files while tracking some others big project. Which means there’re a bunch of files I won’t touch but still need to commit them.

Here is another thread that had similar problem.

  • Git's alternative to .hgrcpath
  • How do I setup DiffMerge with msysgit / gitk?
  • git.cmd vs git.exe - what is the difference and which one should be used?
  • Private key, access Gitolite repository for Netbeans on Win XP
  • Git+SSH on Windows. Git pull dies with “Application Error.”
  • Eclipse and Git integration fails on Windows XP
  • Git: Trouble doing push: error: src refspec remotes/origin/iteration1 matches more than one
  • Updating GitExtensions on Windows XP with .NET 4.0 gets error '…4.0 must be installed…'
  • 4 Solutions collect form web for “git ignore exception not working as desired”

    Your .gitignore exception does not work because “It is not possible to re-include a file if a parent directory of that file is excluded” [source].

    As an ugly-but-working workaround, do this on every directory level on the path to your file:

    1. exclude all content of the directory
    2. re-include the sub-directory leading to your file (or finally, your file).

    Your entries would look like this, with each two-line section executing these steps for one level of the directory hierarchy:

    Demos/**
    !Demos/path/
    
    Demos/path/**
    !Demos/path/to/
    
    Demos/path/to/**
    !Demos/path/to/file/
    
    Demos/path/to/file/**
    !Demos/path/to/file/file.cpp
    

    So, you don’t start by excluding Demos/ like the question author did. It’s a parent directory of our file, so you would have to re-include it right afterwards. Instead, start by excluding its contents: Demos/**.

    Do add to .gitignore as follows:

    folderUnderRepoRoot/**/*
    !folderUnderRepoRoot/tracking.cpp
    

    But make sure, that at least a one file added to git index from the folderUnderRepoRoot folder.

    Can you try replacing it with !/Demos/path/to/file/file.cpp (note the leading slash after the exclamation mark) instead and try again?

    If it’s just one file, I wouldn’t normally modify .gitignore

    The following should ignore .gitignore and allow you to add the file

    git add -f Demos/path/to/file/file.cpp
    
    Git Baby is a git and github fan, let's start git clone.