Exceptions in .gitignore

How to add an exception to .gitignore, like “ignore all the .dll files BUT myfile.dll”?

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  • 4 Solutions collect form web for “Exceptions in .gitignore”

    Use ! to negate the pattern:


    If you want to ignore whole folder, except some specific files, then write:


    This won’t work:


    You can also ignore folders like


    you can also ignore nested folder with patterns like


    You can have several .gitignore files working together in a hierarchical manner to achieve your goal.
    At the root level you may have:



    inside the folder having the myfile.dll you can add another .gitignore file like so:



    more info here

    An optional prefix “!” which negates the pattern; any matching file excluded by a previous pattern will become included again. Put a backslash (“\”) in front of the first “!” for patterns that begin with a literal “!”, for example, “!important!.txt”. It is possible to re-include a file if a parent directory of that file is excluded if certain conditions are met. See section NOTES for detail.

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