Can I do a real git merge without having to push the commit messages from the branch to master?

I’m merging changes from a stable branch back onto the development branch.
I want it to be a “real” merge, by which I mean it should show a merge when I do git --graph --oneline.

The catch is, I don’t want to commit all the messages from the branch, but just my merge commit message. (Our developers’ commit messages must conform to a certain pattern, enforced by a remote hook, but some of the commits on the branch are from a ‘release’ user that doesn’t have to conform and doesn’t.)

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  • Is there a way I can perform a “real” merge without pushing the commit messages from the branch?

    Here is how I’m merging at the moment (from master):

    git merge -s recursive -X ours --no-commit 1.0_BRANCH

    And here is what my (sanitised) graph looks like after I commit, which is exactly what I want:

    *   b3492a7 - (HEAD, master) DEV-3: Merging patch fix onto master <graham>
    | * eec2ef6 - (origin/1.0_BRANCH, 1.0_BRANCH) [maven-release-plugin] prepare for next development iteration <release>
    | * c14dee4 - (application-1.1) [maven-release-plugin] prepare release application-1.1 <release>
    | * 40687a4 - DEV-3: Fix to go into the patch <graham>
    | * 4e71c98 - [maven-release-plugin] prepare for next development iteration <release>
    | * c8828bb - (application-1.0) [maven-release-plugin] prepare release application-1.0 <release>
    | * 46a9a59 - [maven-release-plugin]  copy for branch 1.0_BRANCH <release>
    * | 5ca3ec6 - (origin/master, origin/HEAD) DEV-2: First feature commit of next release <graham>
    * | bd797d3 - [maven-release-plugin] prepare for next development iteration <release>
    * afff00f - [maven-release-plugin] prepare branch 1.0_BRANCH <release>
    * b9329fb - DEV-1: Last feature commit before release <graham>

    My problem is when I try to push, our remote hook rejects the push because the commit message in eec2ef6 doesn’t conform and I’m not the release user. Can I push my merge with just my message from b3492a7, or do I have to squash the merge (which I believe means the graph won’t show it as a merge)?

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  • 2 Solutions collect form web for “Can I do a real git merge without having to push the commit messages from the branch to master?”

    You can’t push a merge without the remote knowing about all parents of the commit.

    You’ll either have to squash, which as you guessed will destroy the history of that branch and merge, or ideally you can alter your remote git hook to be a little smarter about what it rejects. Perhaps it could ignore all commits from the ‘release’ user.

    Your current model seems to mean that only the user ‘release‘ can merge back a feature branch to dev; which isn’t practical since only developers can manage such a merge properly.

    If you can improve on the hook, you could use an algorithm similar to the one presented in “Have remote git repository refuse merge commits on push”:
    By using git rev-list --parents <OLD>..<NEW>, you can determine if one of the parent has <release> in it, and choose to allow that.

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